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Posts Tagged ‘safety

Smoke haze in Singapore. 14 tips on how to survive haze / severe air pollution. Her dream home needs to meet 6 criteria

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In summer 2013,
air pollution from forest fires in Indonesia’s Sumatra island has choked Singapore.
To make the condition worse, El Niño which tends to produce very dry weather conditions in the region, appears to intensify the effects of the fires in Indonesia.

PSI = Pollutant Standards Index.
PM 2.5 = A reading for airborne particles with a diameter of 2.5 microns or less – small enough to deeply penetrate the lungs.

PSI Value & Air Quality Descriptor according to NEA:
0 – 50 : Good
51 – 100 : Moderate
101 – 200 : Unhealthy
201 – 300 : Very unhealthy
Above 300 : Hazardous

On 20 Jun 2013 1 PM, the 3-hour PSI Reading was 371 in Singapore.

A friend of mine mentioned that the city looks apocalyptic.

In Beijing in January 2013, the PSI reached the range of 470-490.
Lung cancers are soaring in Beijing.
A friend who works in China shared that many people, if they can afford it, want to get out of China, due to the environmental hazard : pollution.

The U.S. AQI only goes up to 500.

The 19th century London was notoriously known as the foggy city.
The hazy / bleak / fog everywhere London was too distant for me to recall of London.
In my lifetime (the 21st century), my memory of London has been positive (but I do not live there long enough).

Here are tips on how to survive living with haze:

1. Spend less time outdoors.

2. If you have to go out, wear N95 mask, wear hat / carry umbrella, carry a bottle of water.
When you feel a tingle in the throat or start coughing, a drink of water can be helpful.

3. Before you go out, close all your windows and ventilation outlets.

4. Wash your face, rinse your mouth, and clean your nasal cavity, shower when getting indoors.
Blow your nose in a piece of tissue, you will see black particles in it.

5. Children & older adults should remain indoors and keep activity levels low.

6. Close your windows when the condition is severe.

7. If you use air-conditioner, make sure your apartment has enough oxygen.

8. Keep plants with broad leaves at home to absorb dusts. Place a wet mat beneath your doors.

9. Use air purifiers with HEPA filter.

10. Smoke less. Avoid smokers.

11. Eat more fruits, vegetables. If necessary, take vitamin C.

12. Drink more water, milk (especially if you suffer from dry throat). Stay hydrated. Drink at least 2 litres of water a day.

13. Avoid / minimize alcohol / coffee.

14. Go somewhere unaffected for holiday. My husband’s friend D has brought his family for a holiday in Bali.

15. If the haze / air pollution is a constant problem, consider migrating.
A friend who was born in Indonesia,
S shared with me about the criteria for her dream home which I found interesting.
S wants to move to places like New Zealand, Australia, or Canada,
where the air quality (and presumably the living conditions are better).
She told me that once when she was in Toa Payoh, a Hong Kong expatriate shared that Hong Kong people who migrated to US / Canada are relatively richer than those who migrated to Australia / NZ due to higher fund required for the former.

Here are S’ criteria for her desired home:

1. 2nd floor and above, but not too high floor (she was concerned about earthquake & window safety for her children).

2. Why not ground floor?
Bungalows often consist of only ground floor (if not 2-storey high).
S shared with me her experience living in a ground floor house where she suffered annually from the flood (and the risk of electricity through water).

3. Her home must have a bomb shelter, based on her experience living in Singapore, where flats have a bomb shelter that also serves as a store room. An alternative is to have multi-storey with an underground / basement.

4. Entire flat must be well-equipped with air-conditioner, although she mentioned that she would not switch them on daily, as she is aware of the consequences of air-conditioner on our protective ozone layer. The air-conditioner fixtures are meant to survive for severe haze episodes.

5. To have fridge & freezer in her room (so that she can have access to her food).
Perhaps, a well equipped studio apartment (not too spacious) will be easier for her to manage.

6. Yes, but S also wants to rent her rooms for additional income, so she needs a spacious home, unless it is hard to get tenants.

Related:
http://donghuan.wordpress.com/2012/02/25/my-first-day-back-in-china-and-tips-on-how-to-survive-beijings-dirty-air/
http://spotlightxoxo.wordpress.com/2013/06/20/skin-care-tips-during-the-haze/

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Written by blueroselady

June 20, 2013 at 9:47 am

Safety in pregnancy

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NO to caffeine.
Caffeine (found in coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolate) readily enteres the baby’s bloodstream and accumulates in the brain.
When I knew that I was pregnant in my 1st pregnancy, I started to abstain from cofee, tea and soft drinks.

NO to alcohol. Beware of food with alcohol, e.g. tiramisu.

NO to chemicals.
Organic solvents used in dry cleaning can pass through placenta.
Pregnant women who are exposed to organic solvents at the workplace (e.g. laboratory technicians, factory workers, professionals artists / chemists) may also place their developing baby at a greater risk of developing birth defects.
Avoid chemical finishes e.g. stain repellents, flame retardants, paint / DIY products which emit fumes.
Avoid chemical air fresheners.
Avoid heavily scented cleaning products e.g. dishwashing liquids, floor cleaners, washing powders, pesticides.

NO to hair dyes / perms.
Remember that pregnant mothers are blooming beautifully, you do not need to change the color of your hair to feel beautiful.

NO to cigarette.
Avoid smokers. Exposure to as few as 2 hours a day of 2nd hnd smoke also significantly increases the risk of having a low-birth-weight baby.

NO to deep-tissue massage e.g. foot reflexology, Shiatsu.
No to sp treatments that raise pregnant mothers’ body temperature e.g. body wraps, sauna.

YES to exercise.
Walking is highly recommended for at least the 1st 2 trimesters.

When in doubt, always consult your doctor.

Related:
How to achieve pregnancy (Billings method) in the Dragon year?
Early signs of pregnancy
Challenges in pregnancy
Stay positive, be protective in pregnancy
Improve your lifestyle in pregnancy.
Checklist for week 20 scan during pregnancy.
Insurance.

Food for pregnancy:
soup of Beet root, Carrot, and Dates

Written by blueroselady

May 11, 2013 at 4:57 am

Tips for AF-S Nikkor 50mm f/1.8G and other lenses

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I got my desirable 50 mm lens with the largest aperture of 1.8! Finally, I can shoot bokeh.

1. To protect my eyes, DO NOT LOOK at the sun through the lens / camera viewfinder.
2. To prevent electric shock, do not handle the lens / camera with wet hands, keep the lens / camera DRY.
3. To shoot using the built-in flash (which I rarely do), shoot at ranges of 60 cm and remove the lens hood to prevent vignetting.

4. To protect my lens, do not pick up / hold the lens / camera using only the lens hood. I tend to do this careless action.
5. To remove dust and lint from the lens surfaces, use a BLOWER.
6. DO NOT story in direct sunlight or with naphtha or camphor moth balls.

7. APERTURE & ZONE FOCUS?
I can use zone focus when I do not use auto focus.
I can use ZONE FOCUS for moving babies / toddlers / children and pets.
I can also use ZONE FOCUS in street photography, to allow rapid and candid "shooting from the hip".
Auto focus has lag.

Written by blueroselady

January 22, 2013 at 2:26 pm

Learning from magazines

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I love magazines, pictures, news, tips.
Most time I recycle my magazines, except National Geography. Your pictures are so fantabulous (fantastic + fabulous).

Useful resources:
Libraries, cabins, friends.

@~@
TIME September 6, 2010
Because their city is so safe and even-tempered, HK’s residents do not possess the sense of physical danger that many people elsewhere do.
Lawlessness is so woven into the fabric of Philippine society.

What’s so great about ORGANIC FOOD?
The importance of going organic is less relevant in developing world – where food security trumps other concerns.
Grass-feed beef is lower in fat, and milk without chemicals is clearly a good idea.
But organic fruits and vegetables? American J of Clincial Nutrition: no difference between organic and conventional produce with regard to all but 3 of vitamins.
You have people on both sides of the argument cherry-picking their data.

Processed food is dense with salt and swimming with high-fructose corn syrup. Blueroselady: Please eat grass have higher ratios of omega-3 fatty acids to omega-6 -> reduce cancer risk.
Alternative: eat more fish.

Drift from nearby nonorganic farms can contaminate other crops in vicinity.
Organic farmers use pesticides of their owns.

Milk: buy organic if you can. (cows that produce organic milk are not treated with antibiotics and hormones).
Beef: buy organic if you can.
Fruits / vegetables: buy conventional. Price matters.

TIME January 17, 2011

@~@ The speedy live longer.
In a study of adults over 65, those who WALKED FASTER were 90% likelier to live at least 10 more years than those who walked at a pokier pace.

@~@
A regular colonoscopic screening, which involves inserting a scope through the rectum and into the intestines to detect and sometimes remove growth, can lower the risk of colon cancer by 77%.
Right side of the intestines is harder to reach with the scope.
It may be worth seeking out skilled physicians.

@~@
Hope against baldness:
balding areas have the same number of hair stem cells as more hirsute ones.

@~@
A particular gene may increase the risk of depression, but only in combination wtih an added, nongenetic factor – a stressful life event. Blueroselady: NATURE and NURTURE both play roles!
Ppl with 1 form of a protein that ferries serotonin (a mood-related neurotransmitter), are esp prone to depression when faced with traumatic events. Why? this protein prevents nerve cells in the brain from reabsorbing serotonin.

@~@
There is no such thing as a free market, he declares, “a market looks free only because we so unconditionally accept its underlying restrictions that we fail to see them.” Book “23 things they don’t tell you about capitalism”, by Ha-Joon Chang.

@~@
Mario Valenzuela, who plays the villain, shrughs off accusations by the Mexican gov and press that these films glorify the drug cartels. Violence is as much a part of our daily life as bread. Tijuana.

Written by blueroselady

November 30, 2011 at 2:38 pm

Miscellaneous 2011

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Health
avoid rain water, can spread rat urine infected with leptospirosis, especially in crowded and developing cities.

Most back and shoulder aches stem from poor posture as most people spend most of their lives in front of a desk.
We need to get up and stretch ONCE EVERY HOUR to loosen the muscles and decompress our lower back.
Walk, not jog, at least 2x a week.
To keep stress, anger, and unforgiveness is worse than having a physical teacher.
Ref: a pilate teacher Alvin Giam

What to do when your hand is scalded?
Instead of putting ice or toothpaste (which will contract the skin and worsen the blister), dip into a cup of room temperature water.

How to treat acid reflux ?
make lifestyle changes
over-the-counter medication

Common symptoms of acid reflux:
burping, belching
sour / bitter taste in mouth
feel a burning sensation in throat / chest (heartburn)
cough at night
dry / sore throat
hoarseness in morning
worsening of asthma

Consequences of Long-Term acid reflux : oesophagitis, sricture, barrett’s oesophagus.

Certain food may worsen reflux, please avoid:
chocolates, sweet deserts, high fat / spicy foods, curry, citrus fruits, garlic, onion, tomatoes, tomato-based products.
beverages e.g. citrus juices (orange, lemon), alcohol, coffee, tea.

Tips:
eat regular meals, small portions each time.
avoid eating 2-3 hours before sleep
lose weight if you are overweight
stop smoking
elevate head of your bed by 6-8 inches.
avoid stres
Ref: Andrea Rajnakova

Finance trends

Michael Hasenstab
fund manager. Templeton Global Bond Fund.
PhD in economics at Australian National University, Canberra.
honeymoon climbing Mt Kilimanjaro with wife Mary Ann
focus on sovereigns and forex, many other global funds buy gov, corporate, and supranational debt.

To Hasenstab, most developed markets are overly indebted and overleveraged, and they offer far more risk than return potential from their paltry interest rates.

In 2007, before the credit crisis, 70% of his portfolio was in mature markets. But then he realised the US financial crisis would spread globally. Solution? he shorted the euro, while buying currencies with current-account surpluses, including CHF and JPY. He boosted holdings in countries where he expected sizable rate cuts, among them Australia, NZ, Chile, South Korea, Mexico. Anticipating the flight to USD, he hedged most of his emerging-market currency exposure.

In finance, short selling (also known as shorting or going short) is the practice of selling assets, usually securities, that have been borrowed from a third party (usually a broker) with the intention of buying identical assets back at a later date to return to the lender. It is a form of reverse trading. The short seller hopes to profit from a decline in the price of the assets between the sale and the repurchase, as the seller will pay less to buy the assets than the seller received on selling them. Conversely, the short seller will incur a loss if the price of the assets rises.
Those who short, expect price to decrease.

Hasenstab believes that over the next few years, US rates will rise and JPY will fall.

SAFETY
Women beware!
If a couple takes taxi in Arab countries, guys go up 1st. Ladies come out 1st. Why? My mentor told me got cases where the ladies were kidnapped.

PRAWNING
I love to read and learn from others.

From: 5 Life Lessons I Learned From Prawning (Prawning Tips Included)
1) Fat opportunities don’t come to you. You have to go to them.
2) People help those they like; therefore, be likeable.
3) Be willing to make changes, however unpleasant.
4) Observe what others are doing and MODEL them as best you can.
5) FOCUS

ONE MAN’S RUBBISH, ANOTHER MAN’S REFUGE
the risk of being run over by garbage trcuks / buried under the trash
health risks like tetanus
Let us remember the parable of the Good Samaritan

@~@
Summer 2011: I have never heard of U Mannheim (the Harvard of Germany), until I learned about CF, probably as young as my sister. See you soon.

Summer 2011: to be competititive, one needs to prepare visume (video resume).

Summer 2011: I had a writing course in a very cold room. Tips: you can use the heat of laptop to warm your hands.

Employer: Our company place cleanliness as the highest value. Do you clean your shoes against the mat when you came in?
Job applicant: Yes, Sir.
Employer: Actually, there is no mat.
Moral of the story: honesty is the best policy

Written by blueroselady

August 1, 2011 at 4:13 pm

Tips: before you travel and during your journey

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Vaccination
Insurance
First aid kit
Drug allergy history
Bring extra 1 week medicine if you are on medication
Pack medication on hand luggage, get a letter of certification to bring on board
Do not carry too heavy luggage

Keep yourself hydrated; alcohol lead to dehydration
Exercise your leg to prevent deep ven thrombosis
Stand up and walk about esp long distance flight / coach
Plan stopover if possible
Drink 1 plastic cup of water every hour while flying – refill water
Do not sit cross-legged

COUGH / RUNNY NOSE:
Vaporizer, hot water bowl

PREGNANT:
Pregnant mum do not travel in 1st & last trimesters.
1st trimester = before 13 weeks.
To obtain a cert of fitness to travel
If you discover bleeding, avoid traveling
Check nearest obstetric facilities at destination
Use anti embolism stockings / TED : reduce risk of blood clots leg

HYPERTENSION / ARTHRITIS / CARDIO / DIABETES
Carry a summary of medical history & prescribed med
Translate to local language
Pace yourself, avoid rush around

Written by blueroselady

June 20, 2011 at 10:01 am

Posted in health, travel

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New York City Time Square car bomb (May 1st, 2010)

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I was so worried when my housemate told me about it. My sweetheart is flying to New York City today, God Bless everyone.

From: http://news.suite101.com/article.cfm/car-bomb-in-times-square-causes-evacuation-a232585

In the evening hours of Saturday, May 1, 2010, New York City police discovered a car bomb in a Nissan Pathfinder between Seventh and Eight Avenues on 45th Street. The discovery prompted thousands of tourists to be evacuated from the area. The SUV had been smoking, but there was no explosion.

The device in question contained explosive elements, according to Deputy Commissioner Paul J Browne, the New York City Police Department’s chief spokesman. It included propane tanks, “some kind of powder,” gasoline and a “timing device.”

@~@
Cops began evacuating the Crossroads of the World as the bomb squad used a robot to get inside the car.

Tourists rushed out of the Marriott Marquis hotel and several Broadway shows.

Seven big shows went dark, including “Billy Elliot” and “The Lion King,” which is located directly behind the would-be car bomb.

Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/news/ny_crime/2010/05/01/2010-05-01_times_square_evacuated_after_smoking_vehicle_sparks_emergency_probe.html#ixzz0mmC6U6IF

@~@
As investigators try to discover the identity and motives of those behind an “amateurish” but potentially lethal bomb found at Times Square, a grim fact is not in dispute: New York exerts an irresistible attraction for those intent on inflicting harm on America.

The mayor, Michael Bloomberg, put it succinctly: “We have no idea who did this or why,” he said, adding that his city was always a top terrorism target. “These things invariably … come back to New York.”

From: http://www.u.tv/News/New-York-a-prime-target-for-terrorism/b24d9558-7983-465e-9196-b6d0a6655e44

Written by blueroselady

May 2, 2010 at 12:57 pm

Posted in family, travel

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